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Understanding Gun Control

Gun control and laws are currently a heavily debated topic in America and have many in-and-outs that individuals looking to possess a gun need to understand. Although it is legal to own and possess a firearm in the United States, these gun control laws heavily regulate use among private owners of guns.

Gun control laws can vary by state and region as well. For example in rural areas where hunting is more commonplace, the gun laws may be less restrictive than in an urban area suffering from high crime rates and a higher population.

Before purchasing a gun, it is important to understand some common aspects of the gun control laws. Many states have begun to require a waiting period for those who purchase guns, meaning that there is a time in between the purchase of a gun and the allowed time when the purchaser can take possession of the gun.

Gun permits may also be required to purchase a firearm in some states as well. In addition, the individual purchasing the gun may be required to register the firearm by the state. A common gun control law that must be followed before purchasing a gun in some states is a required gun safety class. A background check may be also required before being allowed to purchase a gun as well.

Some guns are banned all together for purchase by private citizens including unregistered and illegal guns, concealed weapons, and assault weapons. People who are banned from purchasing a gun are convicted felons, minors, and aliens. No matter the person, however, guns are prohibited in nearly all states near or on school property or a school zone.

The punishments for violating these gun control laws can be steep. They include heavy fines, complete loss of gun ownership rights, probation, and even jail time as it is considered a felony to be found guilty of a crime involving a firearm. It is often necessary to contact a criminal defense lawyer if you have been accused of violating gun control laws. To learn more information about gun control laws and penalties, click here….

Types of Homicide

While all homicides are horrifying and punishable by law, there are different ranges of homicides that can be committed. Manslaughter, murder, criminally negligent homicide, and vehicular manslaughter are four different types of homicides that have unique characteristics.

Manslaughter is defined as “the unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice.” There are two types of manslaughter: involuntary and voluntary. The difference between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter is that voluntary revolves around the idea that the accused person intentionally harmed the victim.

Different from manslaughter, murder is “the killing of a human being by a sane person, with intent, malice aforethought (prior intention to kill the particular victim or anyone who gets in the way) and with no legal excuse or authority.” For murder, the keyword is malice. Unlike manslaughter, murder is intentional. There are two degrees of murder: first degree and second degree. First degree murder involves deliberate planning, premeditation, and/or malice, whereas second degree murder simply involves malice.

A criminally negligent homicide occurs if a death has resulted from another’s criminal negligence. Acting with criminal negligence is when someone’s action “grossly deviates” from normal behavior. Examples of criminal negligence could be when someone leaves a child in car that’s turned off, or if someone driving recklessly. While this type of homicide is often considered less serious, it is equally as devastating.

Lastly, vehicular manslaughter is when a death occurs due to illegal and reckless operation of a vehicle. Vehicular manslaughter can be categorized as a misdemeanor or manslaughter, depending on the extent of driving laws that were broken at the time of the accident. Speeding, drunk driving, and acting with gross negligence are three instances in which this type of homicide can happen.

Click here to read more about the different types of homicides. Homicide charges affect lives of those accused, however action can be taken to reduce them.

Types of Reckless Driving

In 2013, there were 32, 719 fatalities in the United States due to motor vehicle accidents. Even the safest drivers are not completely safe from the repercussions that other patrons of the road may cause due to dangerous driving habits. Reckless driving is defined as an individual operating a vehicle in a way that endangers himself or others. This definition includes potentially threatening the safety of other drivers, bicyclists, or pedestrians.

Common types of reckless driving include but are not limited to speeding, tailgating, failing to yield to other drivers or pedestrians, not adhering to traffic signs, aggressive driving tactics, drunk driving, or distracted driving. Careless driving, driving without due care and attention, and improper driving are all similar, but less serious, traffic violations that would result in less severe legal action. Whether the operator of the vehicle was unaware or purposefully behaving in a reckless manner, endangerment of public safety is considered a serious crime.

Reckless driving carries slightly different consequences from state to state. In most areas, driving recklessly is considered a misdemeanor and may result in fines, imprisonment, or suspension or revocation of the individual’s driver’s license. Many states require an individual to enroll in safe driving courses as a manner of educating and preventing the individual from inciting a similar incident. A charge of reckless driving may also have serious consequences to the defendant’s personal and professional life. The negligent and irresponsible behavior of others on the road can lead to serious injury and death of others. If you were injured in an accident due to reckless driving, consult an attorney in your state to discuss your legal options and receive compensation or the financial and emotional strain you suffered.

Everyday Foods and Drinks that Damage Teeth

A great smile with white teeth leaves a positive and lasting impression, which is why teeth whitening is very popular dental procedure not only in the United States but around the world. Having white teeth can signify health and a warm personality, but even with regular brushing teeth can still be stained and lose their whiteness. Although we can’t completely avoid these foods, taking them in moderation can help in keeping our pearly whites white.

  1. Dried and certain fruit – because dried fruits have high levels of concentrated sugars and are sticky, they can cling to the teeth and attract bacteria that would cause acid that destroys the tooth enamel. Likewise, fruits that are acidic can also cause enamel erosion and sensitive teeth. Stains from fruits such as blueberries, cherries, cranberries, and many others would taint the teeth enamel; dentists recommend drinking water after eating them to wash out the stains.
  2. Coffee, tea, wine, and soda – dark beverages tend to stain teeth, and soda (including sugar-free ones) contains phosphoric and citric acids that can erode enamel (especially if consumed frequently). Tannins present in wine (both red and white wines) and tea can also cause dry mouth, and because saliva helps neutralize and wash the mouth, it can cause teeth stains.
  3. Crackers – full of refined carbohydrates, crackers have been linked to inflammation. Starch present in crackers break down the simple sugars which bacteria feed off on, producing acid which leads to tooth decay and possible gum disease.
  4. Pickles, vinegar, and ketchup – or any food that are acidic in nature, can open the pores on the teeth enamel and cause teeth staining.

As repeatedly mentioned above acid can erode tooth enamel and lead to staining. It is better to keep consumption of acidic food and drinks at a minimum. This also applies to any food or drinks which oral bacteria feed on and change into acid. In order to help the mouth neutralize the acidic content of these food and drinks, it helps to drink lots of water to increase the saliva flow. Additionally, consume food and drinks that help strengthen the teeth and practice regular dental hygiene.

The Many Benefits of a Good Water Softener

Freshwater! Have you ever imagined how clean or pure freshwater really is? Well, if it is really pure, then why does it sometimes appear cloudy, gives the taste or smell of chlorine, or leaves a black or rust-orange stain in toilets, tubs, sinks, etc.? The United State’s supply of fresh water is actually estimated to be 85% “hard water,” due to its high content of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium-containing substances, like dolomite, chalk and limestone.

Health experts claim that hard water, when drank, does not really endanger one’s health. In fact, even “very hard water,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO), can contribute to one’s total intake of magnesium and calcium. Despite this health benefit to man (as well as it benefits to plants and animals), hard water, nonetheless, gives a number of unfavorable effects, including: the formation of limescale in water heaters and kettles; not enough suds formation when soap is dissolved in water; the development of stains on tiles, sinks, plumbing pipes, and water heaters; the plugging up (and eventually destroys) of pipes, faucets, and water-based appliances, like dishwashers and washing machines; dryness of the skin and hair; and, damage to silverware and clothes.

Reducing the adverse effects of hard water requires the use of water softeners – devices designed to remove, and counter the adverse effects of, magnesium, calcium, and other metals present in hard water. Soft water offers more than just a handful of benefits, a number of which include: restoration of the rich cleaning ability of detergents and soaps, thus cutting soap consumption by as much as 50% plus eliminating the need for chemical based cleaners; allows soap to be rinsed thoroughly from skin and hair, making them fell cleaner, healthier, and smoother; completely rinses out laundry detergents, making fabrics softer, while white fabrics are made even whiter; keeps glassware and silverware spotless and shiny; leaves no stains on tubs, sinks, tiles, etc.; makes water-based appliances work better and last longer; significantly reduces the chance of clogging and damage of plumbing pipes and other fixtures. Make sure, however, that you get a good water softener.