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The Hospital as Defendant in a Tort Case

Liability in a tort case can result to a person being held responsible for the actions committed or not performed by another. This is known as vicarious liability and, when applied in a workplace setting, it would refer to an employer being held accountable for the act or failure to act of his/her employee, provided that the act or failure to act can be proven to have occurred during the course of (the employee’s) employment.

Vicarious liability is often used in medical malpractice lawsuits, especially if the basis of the lawsuit is hospital negligence. This move is often resorted to by legal experts knowing that the medical personnel, who committed the injurious mistake, will not be able to afford the necessary amount of compensation to the victim; an amount, however, which the hospital’s insurance carrier can surely pay. Thus, instead of naming the person, who committed the error or failed to perform the correct procedure, as defendant, the defendant becomes the hospital. Besides the purpose of seeking compensation, naming the hospital as defendant is also intended to raise a message to the hospital owner/s and managers: ensure that quality care is provided at all times to prevent other patients from suffering any type of injury due to mistakes.

In 1999, a report, called “To Err Is Human,” was published by the Institute of Medicine (a nonprofit organization). The report claimed that every year during the 1990s, preventable medical errors caused the death of 98,000 people. Modern medical devices and the advancement of knowledge in the medical field was considered as solutions to fatal medical mistakes; however, instead of having the number of deaths reduced, the number of fatalities almost doubled. In 2010, the Office of Inspector General for Health and Human Services stated that 180,000 patients in Medicare alone die every year due to bad hospital care.

The Hankey Law Office clearly points out that medical professionals have a significant responsibility to the persons under their care, and when they fail in this duty then the consequences can be disastrous. Besides the fact that injurious mistakes committed by professionals must not go unpunished, so is the fact that the injured should never be denied of compensation. It would benefit injured patients to file a legal action through the help of a highly-competent medical malpractice lawyer.

Everyday Foods and Drinks that Damage Teeth

A great smile with white teeth leaves a positive and lasting impression, which is why teeth whitening is very popular dental procedure not only in the United States but around the world. Having white teeth can signify health and a warm personality, but even with regular brushing teeth can still be stained and lose their whiteness. Although we can’t completely avoid these foods, taking them in moderation can help in keeping our pearly whites white.

  1. Dried and certain fruit – because dried fruits have high levels of concentrated sugars and are sticky, they can cling to the teeth and attract bacteria that would cause acid that destroys the tooth enamel. Likewise, fruits that are acidic can also cause enamel erosion and sensitive teeth. Stains from fruits such as blueberries, cherries, cranberries, and many others would taint the teeth enamel; dentists recommend drinking water after eating them to wash out the stains.
  2. Coffee, tea, wine, and soda – dark beverages tend to stain teeth, and soda (including sugar-free ones) contains phosphoric and citric acids that can erode enamel (especially if consumed frequently). Tannins present in wine (both red and white wines) and tea can also cause dry mouth, and because saliva helps neutralize and wash the mouth, it can cause teeth stains.
  3. Crackers – full of refined carbohydrates, crackers have been linked to inflammation. Starch present in crackers break down the simple sugars which bacteria feed off on, producing acid which leads to tooth decay and possible gum disease.
  4. Pickles, vinegar, and ketchup – or any food that are acidic in nature, can open the pores on the teeth enamel and cause teeth staining.

As repeatedly mentioned above acid can erode tooth enamel and lead to staining. It is better to keep consumption of acidic food and drinks at a minimum. This also applies to any food or drinks which oral bacteria feed on and change into acid. In order to help the mouth neutralize the acidic content of these food and drinks, it helps to drink lots of water to increase the saliva flow. Additionally, consume food and drinks that help strengthen the teeth and practice regular dental hygiene.

The Many Benefits of a Good Water Softener

Freshwater! Have you ever imagined how clean or pure freshwater really is? Well, if it is really pure, then why does it sometimes appear cloudy, gives the taste or smell of chlorine, or leaves a black or rust-orange stain in toilets, tubs, sinks, etc.? The United State’s supply of fresh water is actually estimated to be 85% “hard water,” due to its high content of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium-containing substances, like dolomite, chalk and limestone.

Health experts claim that hard water, when drank, does not really endanger one’s health. In fact, even “very hard water,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO), can contribute to one’s total intake of magnesium and calcium. Despite this health benefit to man (as well as it benefits to plants and animals), hard water, nonetheless, gives a number of unfavorable effects, including: the formation of limescale in water heaters and kettles; not enough suds formation when soap is dissolved in water; the development of stains on tiles, sinks, plumbing pipes, and water heaters; the plugging up (and eventually destroys) of pipes, faucets, and water-based appliances, like dishwashers and washing machines; dryness of the skin and hair; and, damage to silverware and clothes.

Reducing the adverse effects of hard water requires the use of water softeners – devices designed to remove, and counter the adverse effects of, magnesium, calcium, and other metals present in hard water. Soft water offers more than just a handful of benefits, a number of which include: restoration of the rich cleaning ability of detergents and soaps, thus cutting soap consumption by as much as 50% plus eliminating the need for chemical based cleaners; allows soap to be rinsed thoroughly from skin and hair, making them fell cleaner, healthier, and smoother; completely rinses out laundry detergents, making fabrics softer, while white fabrics are made even whiter; keeps glassware and silverware spotless and shiny; leaves no stains on tubs, sinks, tiles, etc.; makes water-based appliances work better and last longer; significantly reduces the chance of clogging and damage of plumbing pipes and other fixtures. Make sure, however, that you get a good water softener.

Remarkable Cosmetic Procedures from the Des Moines Medical Spa...

Cosmetic Surgery, a special medical procedure aimed at enhancing one’s looks, is one of the latest types of medical treatment that many medical practitioners have started to learn and which continues to attract millions of people in the US. Cosmetic Surgery offers various kinds of treatments, each geared toward a specific purpose, like: reconstructing a damaged area of the skin; rejuvenating burned skin; removing acne scars, crow’s feet, and age spots; treating wrinkles and signs of facial aging; removing unwanted skin hair; rejuvenating and smoothening the skin on one’s hands, neck and face; augment one’s breasts; and, re-shaping the nose. In 2012 alone, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) was able to record more than 10 million surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures all across the US; if the count will include treatments performed by unlicensed physicians and physician assistants, the number of procedures will go above 12 million.

More than a third of the total number of procedures was non-surgical treatments, all of which were aimed at revitalizing and smoothening the skin (especially facial skin and skin on the neck, hands and legs) to bring back its youthful look.

ASAPS recognizes and endorses only those procedures performed by specially trained and licensed surgeons as each procedure necessitates special training and expertise –a high standard strictly observed at the Des Moines medical spa to ensure accurate, safe and quality treatment for remarkable results.

The Des Moines medical spa offers several treatments performed by highly-trained surgeons only. A number of these treatments include:

  • Botulinum toxin type A, which is more famous under the name Botox, has been the number one minimally-invasive cosmetic procedure since the year 2000. It was performed 2,437,165 in 2010 and 4,125,179 times in 2012. Botox treats wrinkles on the forehead, the lines on the eyebrows, crow’s feet or the lines that develop at the corner of one’s eyes, and the platysmal muscle bands on the neck.
  • Juvéderm Voluma XC is the first FDA-approved injectable gel-like dermal facial filler and the second non-surgical procedure most requested in 2013. It restores the lift and firmness in the cheekbones, chin and cheek areas. Juvéderm also treats the temples and the creases that run from the corners of the nose down to the mouth (known as the nasolabial folds), and can change the contours along the jaw line. If combined with a Botox treatment, the results can only be astonishing.
  • Chemical peel, also known as derma peeling or chemexfoliation, improves the texture and appearance of the skin’s outer layers by treating irregular skin pigmentation, acne and/or scars due to acne, wrinkles, liver spots, scaly patches and freckles.
    • There are three types of chemical peel procedures: light chemical peel or lunchtime peel, for those with uneven skin pigmentation, dry skin, acne and fine wrinkles; medium chemical peel, which treats acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin color; and, deep chemical peel, for those with sun-damaged skin, scars, pre-cancerous skin growths, blotchy skin areas, and deeper facial wrinkles.
  • Microdermabrasion Treatment, a skin resurfacing procedure that brings back that youthful look by making the skin smoother and the complexion, healthier. Microdermabrasion removes the top layer of dead skin cells while stimulating collagen growth to make the new skin smoother and refreshed. It can also remove or reduce enlarged pores, treat acne, acne scars, black heads, areas with darkened skin and age spots, and reduce fine lines, wrinkles and stretch marks.
  • Micropigmentation, also called permanent makeup, cosmetic tattooing, permanent cosmetics or dermapigmentation, can serve either as a cosmetic enhancement or as a corrective procedure. Regardless of the purpose, though, it is meant to enhance the eyes, lips and cheeks, by giving these a permanent color.
    • This procedure is now also used for hairline tattooing, removal of beauty spots, nipple reconstruction (by making the size of the area around the nipples appear smaller or larger), camouflaging of scarred skin and correcting uneven facial features. Micropigmentation is especially recommended for those who do not have enough time for make-up application every day, sports minded individuals who always want to look great, people with poor eyesight or shaky hands who find applying make-up an inconvenient and difficult task, and those who have thin or missing eyebrows.
  • Laser Hair Removal is a fast, painless and more effective method of permanent hair reduction. Through the use of FDA-approved lasers and lights, this procedure reduces the number of (or removes unwanted) hairs on the face, arms, underarm, legs, bikini line, and any other body part where there is unwanted hair growth.

Surgical or non-surgical cosmetic treatments are complex medical procedures which require years of medical training, exceptional skills, recognition and certification from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, American Board of Cosmetic Surgery or American Board of Plastic Surgery. This is why it is absolutely important that patients make sure that the person performing the procedure possesses the required expertise and recognition.