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Understanding Gun Control

Gun control and laws are currently a heavily debated topic in America and have many in-and-outs that individuals looking to possess a gun need to understand. Although it is legal to own and possess a firearm in the United States, these gun control laws heavily regulate use among private owners of guns.

Gun control laws can vary by state and region as well. For example in rural areas where hunting is more commonplace, the gun laws may be less restrictive than in an urban area suffering from high crime rates and a higher population.

Before purchasing a gun, it is important to understand some common aspects of the gun control laws. Many states have begun to require a waiting period for those who purchase guns, meaning that there is a time in between the purchase of a gun and the allowed time when the purchaser can take possession of the gun.

Gun permits may also be required to purchase a firearm in some states as well. In addition, the individual purchasing the gun may be required to register the firearm by the state. A common gun control law that must be followed before purchasing a gun in some states is a required gun safety class. A background check may be also required before being allowed to purchase a gun as well.

Some guns are banned all together for purchase by private citizens including unregistered and illegal guns, concealed weapons, and assault weapons. People who are banned from purchasing a gun are convicted felons, minors, and aliens. No matter the person, however, guns are prohibited in nearly all states near or on school property or a school zone.

The punishments for violating these gun control laws can be steep. They include heavy fines, complete loss of gun ownership rights, probation, and even jail time as it is considered a felony to be found guilty of a crime involving a firearm. It is often necessary to contact a criminal defense lawyer if you have been accused of violating gun control laws. To learn more information about gun control laws and penalties, click here….

Types of Homicide

While all homicides are horrifying and punishable by law, there are different ranges of homicides that can be committed. Manslaughter, murder, criminally negligent homicide, and vehicular manslaughter are four different types of homicides that have unique characteristics.

Manslaughter is defined as “the unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice.” There are two types of manslaughter: involuntary and voluntary. The difference between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter is that voluntary revolves around the idea that the accused person intentionally harmed the victim.

Different from manslaughter, murder is “the killing of a human being by a sane person, with intent, malice aforethought (prior intention to kill the particular victim or anyone who gets in the way) and with no legal excuse or authority.” For murder, the keyword is malice. Unlike manslaughter, murder is intentional. There are two degrees of murder: first degree and second degree. First degree murder involves deliberate planning, premeditation, and/or malice, whereas second degree murder simply involves malice.

A criminally negligent homicide occurs if a death has resulted from another’s criminal negligence. Acting with criminal negligence is when someone’s action “grossly deviates” from normal behavior. Examples of criminal negligence could be when someone leaves a child in car that’s turned off, or if someone driving recklessly. While this type of homicide is often considered less serious, it is equally as devastating.

Lastly, vehicular manslaughter is when a death occurs due to illegal and reckless operation of a vehicle. Vehicular manslaughter can be categorized as a misdemeanor or manslaughter, depending on the extent of driving laws that were broken at the time of the accident. Speeding, drunk driving, and acting with gross negligence are three instances in which this type of homicide can happen.

Click here to read more about the different types of homicides. Homicide charges affect lives of those accused, however action can be taken to reduce them.

Types of Reckless Driving

This post was written by the Austin Limos team at Capital City Limousine
In 2013, there were 32, 719 fatalities in the United States due to motor vehicle accidents. Even the safest drivers are not completely safe from the repercussions that other patrons of the road may cause due to dangerous driving habits.

According to the website of Pohl & Berk, LLP, reckless driving is defined as an individual operating a vehicle in a way that endangers himself or others. This definition includes potentially threatening the safety of other drivers, bicyclists, or pedestrians.

Common types of reckless driving include but are not limited to speeding, tailgating, failing to yield to other drivers or pedestrians, not adhering to traffic signs, aggressive driving tactics, drunk driving, or distracted driving. Careless driving, driving without due care and attention, and improper driving are all similar, but less serious, traffic violations that would result in less severe legal action.

Whether the operator of the vehicle was unaware or purposefully behaving in a reckless manner, endangerment of public safety is considered a serious crime. Reckless driving carries slightly different consequences from state to state. In most areas, driving recklessly is considered a misdemeanor and may result in fines, imprisonment, or suspension or revocation of the individual’s driver’s license. Many states require an individual to enroll in safe driving courses as a manner of educating and preventing the individual from inciting a similar incident. A charge of reckless driving may also have serious consequences to the defendant’s personal and professional life.

The negligent and irresponsible behavior of others on the road can lead to serious injury and death of others. If you were injured in an accident due to reckless driving, consult an attorney in your state to discuss your legal options and receive compensation or the financial and emotional strain you suffered.

Everyday Foods and Drinks that Damage Teeth

A great smile with white teeth leaves a positive and lasting impression, which is why teeth whitening is very popular dental procedure not only in the United States but around the world. Having white teeth can signify health and a warm personality, but even with regular brushing teeth can still be stained and lose their whiteness. As stated by the website of Dr. Sid K. Steadman D.D.S., although we can’t completely avoid these foods, taking them in moderation can help in keeping our pearly whites white.

  1. Dried and certain fruit – because dried fruits have high levels of concentrated sugars and are sticky, they can cling to the teeth and attract bacteria that would cause acid that destroys the tooth enamel. Likewise, fruits that are acidic can also cause enamel erosion and sensitive teeth. Stains from fruits such as blueberries, cherries, cranberries, and many others would taint the teeth enamel; dentists recommend drinking water after eating them to wash out the stains.
  2. Coffee, tea, wine, and soda – dark beverages tend to stain teeth, and soda (including sugar-free ones) contains phosphoric and citric acids that can erode enamel (especially if consumed frequently). Tannins present in wine (both red and white wines) and tea can also cause dry mouth, and because saliva helps neutralize and wash the mouth, it can cause teeth stains.
  3. Crackers – full of refined carbohydrates, crackers have been linked to inflammation. Starch present in crackers break down the simple sugars which bacteria feed off on, producing acid which leads to tooth decay and possible gum disease.
  4. Pickles, vinegar, and ketchup – or any food that are acidic in nature, can open the pores on the teeth enamel and cause teeth staining.

As repeatedly mentioned above acid can erode tooth enamel and lead to staining. It is better to keep consumption of acidic food and drinks at a minimum. This also applies to any food or drinks which oral bacteria feed on and change into acid. In order to help the mouth neutralize the acidic content of these food and drinks, it helps to drink lots of water to increase the saliva flow. Additionally, consume food and drinks that help strengthen the teeth and practice regular dental hygiene.

The Many Benefits of a Good Water Softener

Freshwater! Have you ever imagined how clean or pure freshwater really is? Well, if it is really pure, then why does it sometimes appear cloudy, gives the taste or smell of chlorine, or leaves a black or rust-orange stain in toilets, tubs, sinks, etc.?

The United State’s supply of fresh water is actually estimated to be 85% “hard water,” due to its high content of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium-containing substances, like dolomite, chalk and limestone. Health experts claim that hard water, when drank, does not really endanger one’s health. In fact, even “very hard water,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO), can contribute to one’s total intake of magnesium and calcium. Despite this health benefit to man (as well as it benefits to plants and animals), hard water, nonetheless, gives a number of unfavorable effects, including: the formation of limescale in water heaters and kettles; not enough suds formation when soap is dissolved in water; the development of stains on tiles, sinks, plumbing pipes, and water heaters; the plugging up (and eventually destroys) of pipes, faucets, and water-based appliances, like dishwashers and washing machines; dryness of the skin and hair; and, damage to silverware and clothes.

Reducing the adverse effects of hard water requires the use of water softeners – devices designed to remove, and counter the adverse effects of, magnesium, calcium, and other metals present in hard water. Soft water offers more than just a handful of benefits, a number of which include: restoration of the rich cleaning ability of detergents and soaps, thus cutting soap consumption by as much as 50% plus eliminating the need for chemical based cleaners; allows soap to be rinsed thoroughly from skin and hair, making them fell cleaner, healthier, and smoother; completely rinses out laundry detergents, making fabrics softer, while white fabrics are made even whiter; keeps glassware and silverware spotless and shiny; leaves no stains on tubs, sinks, tiles, etc.; makes water-based appliances work better and last longer; significantly reduces the chance of clogging and damage of plumbing pipes and other fixtures.

Make sure, however, that you get a good water softener. Compared to one that is wanting in quality, a good water softener, such as an Austin water softener, can give you up to 10 years of great life and performance.

Remarkable Cosmetic Procedures from the Des Moines Medical Spa...

Cosmetic Surgery, a special medical procedure aimed at enhancing one’s looks, is one of the latest types of medical treatment that many medical practitioners have started to learn and which continues to attract millions of people in the US. Cosmetic Surgery offers various kinds of treatments, each geared toward a specific purpose, like: reconstructing a damaged area of the skin; rejuvenating burned skin; removing acne scars, crow’s feet, and age spots; treating wrinkles and signs of facial aging; removing unwanted skin hair; rejuvenating and smoothening the skin on one’s hands, neck and face; augment one’s breasts; and, re-shaping the nose. In 2012 alone, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) was able to record more than 10 million surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures all across the US; if the count will include treatments performed by unlicensed physicians and physician assistants, the number of procedures will go above 12 million.

More than a third of the total number of procedures was non-surgical treatments, all of which were aimed at revitalizing and smoothening the skin (especially facial skin and skin on the neck, hands and legs) to bring back its youthful look.

ASAPS recognizes and endorses only those procedures performed by specially trained and licensed surgeons as each procedure necessitates special training and expertise –a high standard strictly observed at the Des Moines medical spa to ensure accurate, safe and quality treatment for remarkable results.

The Des Moines medical spa offers several treatments performed by highly-trained surgeons only. A number of these treatments include:

  • Botulinum toxin type A, which is more famous under the name Botox, has been the number one minimally-invasive cosmetic procedure since the year 2000. It was performed 2,437,165 in 2010 and 4,125,179 times in 2012. Botox treats wrinkles on the forehead, the lines on the eyebrows, crow’s feet or the lines that develop at the corner of one’s eyes, and the platysmal muscle bands on the neck.
  • Juvéderm Voluma XC is the first FDA-approved injectable gel-like dermal facial filler and the second non-surgical procedure most requested in 2013. It restores the lift and firmness in the cheekbones, chin and cheek areas. Juvéderm also treats the temples and the creases that run from the corners of the nose down to the mouth (known as the nasolabial folds), and can change the contours along the jaw line. If combined with a Botox treatment, the results can only be astonishing.
  • Chemical peel, also known as derma peeling or chemexfoliation, improves the texture and appearance of the skin’s outer layers by treating irregular skin pigmentation, acne and/or scars due to acne, wrinkles, liver spots, scaly patches and freckles.
    • There are three types of chemical peel procedures: light chemical peel or lunchtime peel, for those with uneven skin pigmentation, dry skin, acne and fine wrinkles; medium chemical peel, which treats acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin color; and, deep chemical peel, for those with sun-damaged skin, scars, pre-cancerous skin growths, blotchy skin areas, and deeper facial wrinkles.
  • Microdermabrasion Treatment, a skin resurfacing procedure that brings back that youthful look by making the skin smoother and the complexion, healthier. Microdermabrasion removes the top layer of dead skin cells while stimulating collagen growth to make the new skin smoother and refreshed. It can also remove or reduce enlarged pores, treat acne, acne scars, black heads, areas with darkened skin and age spots, and reduce fine lines, wrinkles and stretch marks.
  • Micropigmentation, also called permanent makeup, cosmetic tattooing, permanent cosmetics or dermapigmentation, can serve either as a cosmetic enhancement or as a corrective procedure. Regardless of the purpose, though, it is meant to enhance the eyes, lips and cheeks, by giving these a permanent color.
    • This procedure is now also used for hairline tattooing, removal of beauty spots, nipple reconstruction (by making the size of the area around the nipples appear smaller or larger), camouflaging of scarred skin and correcting uneven facial features. Micropigmentation is especially recommended for those who do not have enough time for make-up application every day, sports minded individuals who always want to look great, people with poor eyesight or shaky hands who find applying make-up an inconvenient and difficult task, and those who have thin or missing eyebrows.
  • Laser Hair Removal is a fast, painless and more effective method of permanent hair reduction. Through the use of FDA-approved lasers and lights, this procedure reduces the number of (or removes unwanted) hairs on the face, arms, underarm, legs, bikini line, and any other body part where there is unwanted hair growth.

Surgical or non-surgical cosmetic treatments are complex medical procedures which require years of medical training, exceptional skills, recognition and certification from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, American Board of Cosmetic Surgery or American Board of Plastic Surgery. This is why it is absolutely important that patients make sure that the person performing the procedure possesses the required expertise and recognition.

Motorcycle Accident: Causes and Tips on How Riders can Stay Safe...

The many great conveniences that motorcycles provide riders with, make up the reasons why these have become excellent means of transportation, especially for those who hate costly gas expenses and traffic. The only major concern with motorcyclists is their vulnerability to severe injuries for, other than the helmet, they have no other gear that will protect their body in the event of an accident. Thus, to reduce the possibility of sustaining serious injuries, the American Motorcycle Association (AMA), the world’s largest motorcycling organization, encourages all motorcyclists, especially its members, to always wear protective gloves, pants, jacket, footwear, and especially a helmet that fits the standards of safety required by the US Department of Transportation.

In 2012 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recorded as many as 112,000 motorcycle accidents; 93,000 of which were injurious, while 4,957 were fatal. This only means that though motorcycles offer lots of conveniences, these are also very prone to dangers.

While the major cause of fatality of motorcyclists is head-on collision with another motor vehicle, there are many other forms of accidents that can leave riders with a severe injury, an amputated limb or permanent disability – all of these, though, one should bear in mind, are due to negligence or carelessness of the riders themselves, of the other vehicle’s driver, or of someone who never did his/her job well (such as a road constructor or someone from the city government). From these three is the list of other causes of accidents, which include: poor riding skills, drunk riding, collisions with fixed objects, overspeeding, motorcycle lane splitting (which is when a rider passes between two stopped or slow-moving vehicles during heavy traffic), the driver of another vehicle failing to notice a motorcyclist while making a left-hand turn, other vehicles not giving the motorcycle its right of way, tailgating a motorcycle, poor vehicle visibility and/or stability on bad weathers, defective roads, road hazards, and so forth.

Though accidents do happen, having the proper riding skills, wearing the correct gears and always making use of common sense may just keep a rider away from these and other road angers. For a safer and truly enjoyable ride, motorcycle experts offer the following advice:

  • Enroll in a riding course, as much as possible, where one can learn the basics of riding a motorcycle as well as evasive maneuvers during emergencies
  • An over-the-ankle footwear and a reinforced, padded or leather jacket would be perfect with a pair of gloves and full pants for maximum protection against the chilling wind, flying bugs and road rash injuries. Bright colored gear would be recommended for easy detection by other drivers; otherwise, reflective labels on the bike or clothing will do
  • Never tailgate, especially a truck, and always keep an eye out for vehicles pulling out from parking spaces or side streets, or those making sudden lane changes. Keep away from drivers who are texting or using a phone while driving.
  • If there is bad weather, such as heavy rains, visibility is always affected and, due to the wet, slippery road, cornering and too much maneuvering can be dangerous as the tire’s grip on the road would definitely be affected. Therefore, make sure that you ride carefully
  • Stones, pebbles, sand, and an oily patch on the road can cause accidents that may result in severe injuries; therefore, make sure you always watch out for road hazards.

Motorcycle accidents due to road hazards or those wherein other vehicles are involved (called multiple-vehicle accidents) are usually the fault of a person other than the motorcycle rider. It will be very helpful for the injured rider to get in touch with an Madison car accident attorney, who will help the rider assess the situation and file the necessary lawsuit that may enable the rider to receive the compensation that he or she legally deserves.