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What is Serious Personal Injury?

One of the prerequisites for a case to be eligible for a personal injury claim is the negligent act or failure to act triggered “serious individual injury.” Put simply, an accident which resulted merely in minor injuries like bruises and scratches may not qualify for judicial proceedings. So the inquiry is significant does the trauma have to be.

The results of significant personal injury can not be easy to recover from. Included in these are financial issues stemming from basic economic losses from lost days of function, inability to participate in revenue-generating tasks, together with affiliated expenses for healing, drugs, health care, and treatment. Other concerns in individual injury include pain and suffering, loss of companionship, loss of range, loss of enjoyment, or psychological distress.

In America, each state has a unique set of individual injuries laws. Generally speaking, serious personal damage is defined as any injury that results in disfigurement, dismemberment, or death. It may have loss of a fetus together with the long-term loss of use of a body associate, function or program.

For momentary incapacity, the harm is considered serious if it keeps an individual from doing material actions that are customary and normal in 90 to 180 days immediately following the occurrence that’s been categorized as irresponsible or tortious. This includes mental and psychological disabilities due to being included in this occurrence, for example, depression (i.e. loss of a loved one) or dystychiphobia (fear of accidents).

An Indianapolis personal injury lawyer would point out that it’s essential that the evidence sufficiently supports the allegations when making a claim for personal injuries.

Hit-and-Run Accidents: Compensation and Criminal Penalties...

In road accidents wherein people sustain injuries or get killed, state traffic laws require the involved drivers, especially the one who is unhurt and conscious, to stop and provide all necessary assistance to the injured; it is also obligatory for the able driver to contact traffic enforcers (and wait for them to arrive at the scene) if someone gets killed in the accident. If both drivers are conscious and without serious injuries, however, then they should exchange information regarding their identification, contact details and insurance provider.

Though state laws may differ with regard to the severity of the crime and punishment to be imposed on drivers who speed away from the scene of an accident, the following are basic legal consequences:

  • Suspension or revocation of driver’s license (in some states, permanent cancellation of license is imposed)
  • Imprisonment and costly fines
  • Cancellation of the liable driver’s insurance policy

Since 2005, the yearly number of hit-and-run victims has increased steadily, causing the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to be alarmed. The Administration’s records in fact show that, from 2009 to 2011, reported hit-and-run cases have risen from 1,274 to 1,449.

Hit-and-run, which is also called hit and skip, leaving the scene or skipping and fleeing an accident scene, means speeding away from the scene of an accident to avoid responsibility over an injured victim. This act, however, only makes matters worse both for the victim and the liable driver. On the part of the driver, leaving the scene can result to either a misdemeanor or a felony. This means time behind bars besides the punitive damages and compensatory damages he or she will have to pay.

For the victim, seeking compensation will be quite difficult, more so if there are no clues that will help identify who the liable driver is. Under this circumstance, the hit-and-run victim will have to collect from his or her own insurance policy. In states where no-fault auto liability insurance coverage is required, the victim can apply for a no-fault claim, otherwise, an underinsured or uninsured claim is the alternative option.

Understanding Gun Control

Gun control and laws are currently a heavily debated topic in America and have many in-and-outs that individuals looking to possess a gun need to understand. Although it is legal to own and possess a firearm in the United States, these gun control laws heavily regulate use among private owners of guns.

Gun control laws can vary by state and region as well. For example in rural areas where hunting is more commonplace, the gun laws may be less restrictive than in an urban area suffering from high crime rates and a higher population.

Before purchasing a gun, it is important to understand some common aspects of the gun control laws. Many states have begun to require a waiting period for those who purchase guns, meaning that there is a time in between the purchase of a gun and the allowed time when the purchaser can take possession of the gun.

Gun permits may also be required to purchase a firearm in some states as well. In addition, the individual purchasing the gun may be required to register the firearm by the state. A common gun control law that must be followed before purchasing a gun in some states is a required gun safety class. A background check may be also required before being allowed to purchase a gun as well.

Some guns are banned all together for purchase by private citizens including unregistered and illegal guns, concealed weapons, and assault weapons. People who are banned from purchasing a gun are convicted felons, minors, and aliens. No matter the person, however, guns are prohibited in nearly all states near or on school property or a school zone.

The punishments for violating these gun control laws can be steep. They include heavy fines, complete loss of gun ownership rights, probation, and even jail time as it is considered a felony to be found guilty of a crime involving a firearm. It is often necessary to contact a criminal defense lawyer if you have been accused of violating gun control laws. To learn more information about gun control laws and penalties, click here….

Types of Homicide

While all homicides are horrifying and punishable by law, there are different ranges of homicides that can be committed. Manslaughter, murder, criminally negligent homicide, and vehicular manslaughter are four different types of homicides that have unique characteristics.

Manslaughter is defined as “the unjustifiable, inexcusable, and intentional killing of a human being without deliberation, premeditation, and malice.” There are two types of manslaughter: involuntary and voluntary. The difference between voluntary and involuntary manslaughter is that voluntary revolves around the idea that the accused person intentionally harmed the victim.

Different from manslaughter, murder is “the killing of a human being by a sane person, with intent, malice aforethought (prior intention to kill the particular victim or anyone who gets in the way) and with no legal excuse or authority.” For murder, the keyword is malice. Unlike manslaughter, murder is intentional. There are two degrees of murder: first degree and second degree. First degree murder involves deliberate planning, premeditation, and/or malice, whereas second degree murder simply involves malice.

A criminally negligent homicide occurs if a death has resulted from another’s criminal negligence. Acting with criminal negligence is when someone’s action “grossly deviates” from normal behavior. Examples of criminal negligence could be when someone leaves a child in car that’s turned off, or if someone driving recklessly. While this type of homicide is often considered less serious, it is equally as devastating.

Lastly, vehicular manslaughter is when a death occurs due to illegal and reckless operation of a vehicle. Vehicular manslaughter can be categorized as a misdemeanor or manslaughter, depending on the extent of driving laws that were broken at the time of the accident. Speeding, drunk driving, and acting with gross negligence are three instances in which this type of homicide can happen.

Click here to read more about the different types of homicides. Homicide charges affect lives of those accused, however action can be taken to reduce them.

Types of Reckless Driving

In 2013, there were 32, 719 fatalities in the United States due to motor vehicle accidents. Even the safest drivers are not completely safe from the repercussions that other patrons of the road may cause due to dangerous driving habits. Reckless driving is defined as an individual operating a vehicle in a way that endangers himself or others. This definition includes potentially threatening the safety of other drivers, bicyclists, or pedestrians.

Common types of reckless driving include but are not limited to speeding, tailgating, failing to yield to other drivers or pedestrians, not adhering to traffic signs, aggressive driving tactics, drunk driving, or distracted driving. Careless driving, driving without due care and attention, and improper driving are all similar, but less serious, traffic violations that would result in less severe legal action. Whether the operator of the vehicle was unaware or purposefully behaving in a reckless manner, endangerment of public safety is considered a serious crime.

Reckless driving carries slightly different consequences from state to state. In most areas, driving recklessly is considered a misdemeanor and may result in fines, imprisonment, or suspension or revocation of the individual’s driver’s license. Many states require an individual to enroll in safe driving courses as a manner of educating and preventing the individual from inciting a similar incident. A charge of reckless driving may also have serious consequences to the defendant’s personal and professional life. The negligent and irresponsible behavior of others on the road can lead to serious injury and death of others. If you were injured in an accident due to reckless driving, consult an attorney in your state to discuss your legal options and receive compensation or the financial and emotional strain you suffered.

Everyday Foods and Drinks that Damage Teeth

A great smile with white teeth leaves a positive and lasting impression, which is why teeth whitening is very popular dental procedure not only in the United States but around the world. Having white teeth can signify health and a warm personality, but even with regular brushing teeth can still be stained and lose their whiteness. Although we can’t completely avoid these foods, taking them in moderation can help in keeping our pearly whites white.

  1. Dried and certain fruit – because dried fruits have high levels of concentrated sugars and are sticky, they can cling to the teeth and attract bacteria that would cause acid that destroys the tooth enamel. Likewise, fruits that are acidic can also cause enamel erosion and sensitive teeth. Stains from fruits such as blueberries, cherries, cranberries, and many others would taint the teeth enamel; dentists recommend drinking water after eating them to wash out the stains.
  2. Coffee, tea, wine, and soda – dark beverages tend to stain teeth, and soda (including sugar-free ones) contains phosphoric and citric acids that can erode enamel (especially if consumed frequently). Tannins present in wine (both red and white wines) and tea can also cause dry mouth, and because saliva helps neutralize and wash the mouth, it can cause teeth stains.
  3. Crackers – full of refined carbohydrates, crackers have been linked to inflammation. Starch present in crackers break down the simple sugars which bacteria feed off on, producing acid which leads to tooth decay and possible gum disease.
  4. Pickles, vinegar, and ketchup – or any food that are acidic in nature, can open the pores on the teeth enamel and cause teeth staining.

As repeatedly mentioned above acid can erode tooth enamel and lead to staining. It is better to keep consumption of acidic food and drinks at a minimum. This also applies to any food or drinks which oral bacteria feed on and change into acid. In order to help the mouth neutralize the acidic content of these food and drinks, it helps to drink lots of water to increase the saliva flow. Additionally, consume food and drinks that help strengthen the teeth and practice regular dental hygiene.

The Many Benefits of a Good Water Softener

Freshwater! Have you ever imagined how clean or pure freshwater really is? Well, if it is really pure, then why does it sometimes appear cloudy, gives the taste or smell of chlorine, or leaves a black or rust-orange stain in toilets, tubs, sinks, etc.? The United State’s supply of fresh water is actually estimated to be 85% “hard water,” due to its high content of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium-containing substances, like dolomite, chalk and limestone.

Health experts claim that hard water, when drank, does not really endanger one’s health. In fact, even “very hard water,” according to the World Health Organization (WHO), can contribute to one’s total intake of magnesium and calcium. Despite this health benefit to man (as well as it benefits to plants and animals), hard water, nonetheless, gives a number of unfavorable effects, including: the formation of limescale in water heaters and kettles; not enough suds formation when soap is dissolved in water; the development of stains on tiles, sinks, plumbing pipes, and water heaters; the plugging up (and eventually destroys) of pipes, faucets, and water-based appliances, like dishwashers and washing machines; dryness of the skin and hair; and, damage to silverware and clothes.

Reducing the adverse effects of hard water requires the use of water softeners – devices designed to remove, and counter the adverse effects of, magnesium, calcium, and other metals present in hard water. Soft water offers more than just a handful of benefits, a number of which include: restoration of the rich cleaning ability of detergents and soaps, thus cutting soap consumption by as much as 50% plus eliminating the need for chemical based cleaners; allows soap to be rinsed thoroughly from skin and hair, making them fell cleaner, healthier, and smoother; completely rinses out laundry detergents, making fabrics softer, while white fabrics are made even whiter; keeps glassware and silverware spotless and shiny; leaves no stains on tubs, sinks, tiles, etc.; makes water-based appliances work better and last longer; significantly reduces the chance of clogging and damage of plumbing pipes and other fixtures. Make sure, however, that you get a good water softener.

Remarkable Cosmetic Procedures from the Des Moines Medical Spa...

Cosmetic Surgery, a special medical procedure aimed at enhancing one’s looks, is one of the latest types of medical treatment that many medical practitioners have started to learn and which continues to attract millions of people in the US. Cosmetic Surgery offers various kinds of treatments, each geared toward a specific purpose, like: reconstructing a damaged area of the skin; rejuvenating burned skin; removing acne scars, crow’s feet, and age spots; treating wrinkles and signs of facial aging; removing unwanted skin hair; rejuvenating and smoothening the skin on one’s hands, neck and face; augment one’s breasts; and, re-shaping the nose. In 2012 alone, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) was able to record more than 10 million surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures all across the US; if the count will include treatments performed by unlicensed physicians and physician assistants, the number of procedures will go above 12 million.

More than a third of the total number of procedures was non-surgical treatments, all of which were aimed at revitalizing and smoothening the skin (especially facial skin and skin on the neck, hands and legs) to bring back its youthful look.

ASAPS recognizes and endorses only those procedures performed by specially trained and licensed surgeons as each procedure necessitates special training and expertise –a high standard strictly observed at the Des Moines medical spa to ensure accurate, safe and quality treatment for remarkable results.

The Des Moines medical spa offers several treatments performed by highly-trained surgeons only. A number of these treatments include:

  • Botulinum toxin type A, which is more famous under the name Botox, has been the number one minimally-invasive cosmetic procedure since the year 2000. It was performed 2,437,165 in 2010 and 4,125,179 times in 2012. Botox treats wrinkles on the forehead, the lines on the eyebrows, crow’s feet or the lines that develop at the corner of one’s eyes, and the platysmal muscle bands on the neck.
  • Juvéderm Voluma XC is the first FDA-approved injectable gel-like dermal facial filler and the second non-surgical procedure most requested in 2013. It restores the lift and firmness in the cheekbones, chin and cheek areas. Juvéderm also treats the temples and the creases that run from the corners of the nose down to the mouth (known as the nasolabial folds), and can change the contours along the jaw line. If combined with a Botox treatment, the results can only be astonishing.
  • Chemical peel, also known as derma peeling or chemexfoliation, improves the texture and appearance of the skin’s outer layers by treating irregular skin pigmentation, acne and/or scars due to acne, wrinkles, liver spots, scaly patches and freckles.
    • There are three types of chemical peel procedures: light chemical peel or lunchtime peel, for those with uneven skin pigmentation, dry skin, acne and fine wrinkles; medium chemical peel, which treats acne scars, deeper wrinkles and uneven skin color; and, deep chemical peel, for those with sun-damaged skin, scars, pre-cancerous skin growths, blotchy skin areas, and deeper facial wrinkles.
  • Microdermabrasion Treatment, a skin resurfacing procedure that brings back that youthful look by making the skin smoother and the complexion, healthier. Microdermabrasion removes the top layer of dead skin cells while stimulating collagen growth to make the new skin smoother and refreshed. It can also remove or reduce enlarged pores, treat acne, acne scars, black heads, areas with darkened skin and age spots, and reduce fine lines, wrinkles and stretch marks.
  • Micropigmentation, also called permanent makeup, cosmetic tattooing, permanent cosmetics or dermapigmentation, can serve either as a cosmetic enhancement or as a corrective procedure. Regardless of the purpose, though, it is meant to enhance the eyes, lips and cheeks, by giving these a permanent color.
    • This procedure is now also used for hairline tattooing, removal of beauty spots, nipple reconstruction (by making the size of the area around the nipples appear smaller or larger), camouflaging of scarred skin and correcting uneven facial features. Micropigmentation is especially recommended for those who do not have enough time for make-up application every day, sports minded individuals who always want to look great, people with poor eyesight or shaky hands who find applying make-up an inconvenient and difficult task, and those who have thin or missing eyebrows.
  • Laser Hair Removal is a fast, painless and more effective method of permanent hair reduction. Through the use of FDA-approved lasers and lights, this procedure reduces the number of (or removes unwanted) hairs on the face, arms, underarm, legs, bikini line, and any other body part where there is unwanted hair growth.

Surgical or non-surgical cosmetic treatments are complex medical procedures which require years of medical training, exceptional skills, recognition and certification from the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, American Board of Cosmetic Surgery or American Board of Plastic Surgery. This is why it is absolutely important that patients make sure that the person performing the procedure possesses the required expertise and recognition.